`Found at least 20 result(s)`

Regular Seminar Seung-Joo Lee (CERN)

at:15:00
room C309 | abstract: We test various conjectures on quantum gravity with general 6d string compactifications in the framework of F-theory. Starting with a gauge theory coupled to gravity, we first analyze the limit in Kähler moduli space where the gauge coupling tends to zero while gravity is kept dynamical. A key observation is made about the appearance of a tensionless string in such a limit. For a more quantitative analysis, we focus on a U(1) gauge symmetry and determine the elliptic genus of this string in terms of certain meromorphic weak Jacobi forms, of which modular properties allow us to determine the charge-to-mass ratios of certain string excitations. A tower of these asymptotically massless charged states are then confirmed to satisfy the (sub-)Lattice Weak Gravity Conjecture, the Completeness Conjecture, and the Swampland Distance Conjecture. We interpret their charge-to-mass ratios in two a priori independent perspectives. All of this is then generalized to theories with multiple U(1)s. If time permits, we will also briefly report on our more recent 4-dimensional story. |

Polygon Seminar Congkao Wen (QMUL)

at:15:00
room A130 | abstract: Scattering amplitudes are one of most important class of physical observables in quantum field theories. Over the last decade or so, there has been a lot of activities regarding the computation of scattering amplitudes in a wide range of interesting theories, where extremely powerful new frameworks for studying scattering amplitudes have emerged, known as the modern S-matrix program. In this talk I will review some of these powerful techniques, and discuss their applications. The applications will mostly focus on effective field theories, that include twistor-like formulas for scattering amplitudes of world-volume theories of probe D-brane and M5 brane, amplitude constraints on effective field theories, such as supersymmetric non-renormalization theorems, unitarity bounds on low-energy spectra. |

Regular Seminar Olaf Lechtenfeld (Hannover)

at:15:00
room AG21 | abstract: I will review analytic SU(2) Yang-Mills solutions with finite action on de Sitter space from a new perspective. As a byproduct, all abelian solutions are classified and related with rational electromagnetic knots. In the Yang-Mills case, the gravitational backreaction is easily taken in to account as well. |

Triangular Seminar Rajesh Gopakumar (ICTS-TIFR)

at:16:30
room BG03 | abstract: We will argue that superstring theory on ${\rm AdS}_3\times {\rm S}^3\times \mathbb{T}^4$ with the smallest amount of NS-NS flux (``$k=1$'') is dual to the spacetime CFT given by the large $N$ limit of the free symmetric product orbifold $\mathrm{Sym}^N(\mathbb{T}^4)$. The worldsheet theory, at $k=1$, is defined using the hybrid formalism in which the ${\rm AdS}_3\times {\rm S}^3$ part is described by a $\mathfrak{psu}(1,1|2)_1$ WZW model (which is well defined). Unlike the case for $k\geq 2$, it turns out that the string spectrum at $k=1$ does not exhibit a long string continuum, and perfectly matches with the large $N$ limit of the symmetric product. The fusion rules of the symmetric orbifold are also reproduced from the worldsheet perspective. This proposal therefore affords a tractable worldsheet description of a tensionless limit in string theory. |

Regular Seminar Alastair Rucklidge (Leeds)

at:15:00
room BLG07 | abstract: Why do some systems organise themselves into well ordered patterns with astonishing symmetry and regularity, while other superficially similar systems produce defects and disorder? In systems where two different length scales are unstable, the nonlinear interaction between the different modes is key: steady complex patterns can be stabilised when the modes act together to reinforce each other. But, if the two types of pattern compete with each other, the outcome can be considerably more complicated: a time-dependent disordered mixture of patterns constantly shifting and changing. In a small domain, the nature of the interaction between a small number of modes on each length scale can readily be computed. In a large domain, each mode can interact with hundreds of other modes, but the overall behaviour still appears to be guided by small-domain considerations. |

Regular Seminar Rouven Frassek (MPIM Bonn)

at:15:00
room C320 | abstract: I plan to discuss how Q-operators for rational spin chains can be constructed in the framework of the quantum inverse scattering method. The presentation will include open and closed XXX type spin chains with compact and non-compact representations of sl(2) in the quantum space. Further I plan to elaborate on the generalisation to spin chains of higher rank and in particular u(2,2|4) which underlies N=4 super Yang-Mills theory at weak coupling. Finally I will discuss the classification of the oscillator type solutions to the Yang-Baxter equation that are relevant to build Q-operators and give an outlook. |

Regular Seminar Chris Herzog (King's)

at:15:00
room C320 | abstract: The infrared fixed point of graphene under the renormalization group flow is a relatively under studied yet important example of a boundary conformal field theory with a number of remarkable properties. It has a close relationship with three dimensional QED. It maps to itself under electric-magnetic duality. Moreover, it along with its supersymmetric cousins all possess an exactly marginal coupling -- the charge of the electron -- which allows for straightforward perturbative calculations in the weak coupling limit. I will review past work on this model and also discuss my own contributions, which focus on understanding the boundary contributions to the anomalous trace of the stress tensor and their role in helping to understand the structure of boundary conformal field theory. |

Regular Seminar Amir-Kian Kashani-Poor (ENS)

at:15:00
room B103 | abstract: The topological string is a simplified version of physical string theory. It is of interest because it computes the BPS spectrum of relevant string theory compactifications, but also because it shares structural properties of physical string theory, Dualities and symmetries which often must be argued for arduously in the physical string can often be verified by computation in the topological setting. The central observable of the theory is the topological string partition function Z_top. This quantity has an eerie habit of making surprise appearances in many areas of mathematical physics. Numerous techniques exist for its computation in various expansions in parameters of the theory, yet to date, no satisfactory closed form for this quantity is known. In this talk, after reviewing notions of topological string theory with an emphasis on the interplay between worldsheet and target space physics (one of the structural similarities between the physical and the topological string alluded to above), I will report on progress in computing Z_top in settings where it is related to enigmatic 6d theories. |

Regular Seminar David Berman (QMUL)

at:15:00
room C312 | abstract: Recently a new formulation for supergravity has emerged inspired by the presence of duality symmetries in reduced theories. These new theories generalise ideas of Riemannian geometry and lead to new ways of looking at string and M-theory. |

Regular Seminar Benjamin Doyon (King's)

at:15:00
room B103 | abstract: The hydrodynamic approximation is an extremely powerful tool to describe the behavior of many-body systems such as gases. At the Euler scale (that is, when variations of densities and currents occur only on large space-time scales), the approximation is based on the idea of local thermodynamic equilibrium: locally, within fluid cells, the system is in a Galilean or relativistic boost of a Gibbs equilibrium state. This is expected to arise in conventional gases thanks to ergodicity and Gibbs thermalization, which in the quantum case is embodied by the eigenstate thermalization hypothesis. However, integrable systems are well known not to thermalize in the standard fashion. The presence of infinitely-many conservation laws preclude Gibbs thermalization, and instead generalized Gibbs ensembles emerge. In this talk I will introduce the associated theory of generalized hydrodynamics (GHD), which applies the hydrodynamic ideas to systems with infinitely-many conservation laws. It describes the dynamics from inhomogeneous states and in inhomogeneous force fields, and is valid both for quantum systems such as experimentally realized one-dimensional interacting Bose gases and quantum Heisenberg chains, and classical ones such as soliton gases and classical field theory. I will give an overview of what GHD is, how its main equations are derived and its relation to quantum and classical integrable systems. If time permits I will touch on the geometry that lies at its core, how it reproduces the effects seen in the famous quantum Newton cradle experiment, and how it leads to exact results in transport problems such as Drude weights and non-equilibrium currents. This is based on various collaborations with Alvise Bastianello, Olalla Castro Alvaredo, Jean-Sébastien Caux, Jérôme Dubail, Robert Konik, Herbert Spohn, Gerard Watts and my student Takato Yoshimura, and strongly inspired by previous collaborations with Denis Bernard, M. Joe Bhaseen, Andrew Lucas and Koenraad Schalm. |