Regular Seminar Nadav Drukker (KCL)
Lonti Autumn 2021 Series: Lecture 4. Live Tutorial. Please register at https://lonti.weebly.com/registration.html to receive joining instructions for this live session which will be held via Zoom. Gauge theories are ubiquitous in theoretical physics, not to mention that the standard model is one. It is therefore of utmost importance to know what the observables of these theories are, quantities that can be calculated and measured. I start with a long discussion based on the most familiar gauge theory, Maxwell's electromagnetism, where a lot of computations can be done explicitly. I then take the lessons from that to non-abelian gauge theories. The observables covered are local, Wilson loops, and briefly 't Hooft loops and surface operators.