Regular Seminar Piotr Tourkine (DAMTP)

at:14:00
room H503 | abstract: The monodromy relations of scattering amplitudes in string theory provide an elegant formalism to understand some mysterious properties of tree-level field theory amplitudes, like the color-kinematics duality. This duality has been instrumental in tremendous progress on the computations of loop-amplitudes in quantum field theory, but a loop-level generalisation of the stringy monodromy construction has been lacking for many years. In this talk I will first describe some of these recent developments in the domain of scattering amplitudes in gauge and gravity theories. I’ll then review the monodromies of open string worldsheets and how the lead at tree-level to deepening the understanding of the gauge theory perturbative expansion. Then I will describe in a non-technical manner our results and how we managed to extend these relations to all loops in string and field theory. I’ll finish by discussing implications for the loop expansion in general, and how to extend in principle these results to gravity. I will assume no prior knowledge of the audience in modern scattering amplitudes methods. |

Exceptional Seminar Jacob Sonnenschein (Tel Aviv University)

at:14:00
room H503 | abstract: I will start with briefly describing the HISH ( Holography In- spired Hadronic String) model and reviewing the fits of the spectra of mesons, baryons, glueballs and exotic hadrons. I will present the determination of the hadron strong decay widths. The main decay mechanism is that of a string splitting into two strings. The corresponding total decay width behaves as Γ = πATL/2 where T and L are the tension and length of the string and A is a dimensionless universal constant. The partial width of a given decay mode is given by Γ_i/Γ = Φ_i exp(−2πCm^2_sep/T) where Φi is a phase space factor, msep is the mass of the ”quark” and ”antiquark” created at the splitting point, and C is a dimensionless coefficient close to unity. I will show the fits of the theoretical results to experimental data for mesons and baryons. I will examine both the linearity in L and the expo- nential suppression factor. The linearity was found to agree with the data well for mesons but less for baryons. The extracted coefficient for mesons A = 0.095 ± 0.015 is indeed quite universal. The exponential suppression was applied to both strong and radiative decays. I will discuss the relation with string fragmentation and jet formation. I will extract the quark-diquark structure of baryons from their decays. A stringy mechanism for Zweig sup- pressed decays of quarkonia will be proposed and will be shown to reproduce the decay width of Υ states. The dependence of the width on spin and flavor symmetry will be discussed. We further apply this model to the decays of glueballs and exotic hadrons. |