This week

Wednesday

Infrared phases of 2d QCD

Regular Seminar Diego Delmastro (Perimeter Institute)

at:
13:45 KCL
room Online
abstract:

We will study some aspects of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) in d=1+1 spacetime dimensions. The theory presents many of the same challenges as d=3+1 dimensional QCD (e.g., strong interactions where perturbation theory breaks down, chiral quarks which are hard to put on the lattice, etc.). But, in 2d, there are also some special features that make the problem more tractable. We will see that one can effectively solve the system at strong coupling, revealing interesting connections to other well-studied theories such as 2d rational CFTs (minimal models, WZW models, etc.).

The limitations of the holographic idea

Regular Seminar Samir Mathur (Ohio State University)

at:
14:00 IC
room Online
abstract:

The black hole information paradox has been tightened to a precise contradiction by the small corrections theorem. Resolving the puzzle thus needs an order unity correction to semiclassical dynamics at the horizon. Remarkably, in string theory we find that microstates of black holes are `fuzzballs' with no horizon, which resolves the paradox. An alternative to the fuzzball paradigm is has been sought through a `wormhole paradigm' where the horizon would be continue to be described by semiclassical physics on a code subspace of the full quantum degrees of freedom. This wormhole paradigm can however can be ruled out by an extension of the small corrections theorem. We argue that the notions of ER=EPR etc underlying the wormhole paradigm are incorrect, and that the error arises from using the eternal spacetime geometry which is itself inconsistent with the requirements of unitarity.

Thursday

Relative Defects and Trapped Higher-Form Symmetries

Journal Club Lakshya Bhardwaj (Oxford)

at:
12:00 QMW
room G.O. Jones 610
abstract:

Relative theories are non-topological theories living at the boundaries of TQFTs in one higher dimension. An interesting and well-studied class of relative theories are 6d N=(2,0) theories. I will introduce the notion of relative defects in relative theories, which are non-topological defects of the relative theory living at the boundary of a topological defect of the above-mentioned TQFT in one higher dimension. I will argue that codimension two defects of 6d N=(2,0) theories are relative defects. Relative defects carry ''trapped'' higher-form symmetries localized on their world-volume which are independent from the higher-form symmetries of the bulk theory. When the bulk theory is compactified with the insertion of relative defects, the trapped higher-form symmetries provide extra contributions to the higher-form symmetries of the lower-dimensional theory resulting from the compactification. For example, when 6d N=(2,0) theories are compactified on a Riemann surfaces with punctures (which are relative codimension-two defects) then the 1-form symmetry of the resulting 4d N=2 Class S theory obtains contributions from the 1-form symmetries trapped at the punctures, along with the well-known contribution coming from the 2-form symmetry of the 6d N=(2,0) theory; part of London TQFT Journal Club; it will be possible to follow this talk on Zoom (please register at https://london-tqft.vercel.app)

Conferences

19.01.2022 - 24.01.2022

Nordic Winter School for Particle Physics and Cosmology 2022

2022-01-19 - 2022-01-24 at Queen Mary, University of London

description:

We are very happy to announce the Nordic Winter School for Particle Physics and Cosmology 2022 on January 19-24.
The school takes place at a delightful ski resort, and is mostly aimed at phd students, but also at junior postdocs and outstanding master's students.
Students admitted to the school would be covered for all local expenses. Of course, we will assure that we transition in caution to the post-pandemic world.
In this edition of the school we have made gravity the overarching theme - from real-world gravitational-wave science to gravity theory and amplitudes research.
Application is open via the the school's webpage. We encourage excellent junior researchers, especially also from underrepresented groups, to apply to this exciting edition of the school!

Organizers: N. Emil J. Bjerrum-Bohr, Poul Henrik Damgaard, Henrik Johansson, Michèle Levi, Niels Obers

link